I thoroughly enjoyed this very readable account of two German commerce-raiders in the early years of WW2. Either a prize crew was sent aboard and the captured vessel sailed back to a friendly port or the vessel was sunk, usually through burning. General Books LLC, Aug 20, 2010 - History - 90 pages. They were the deadliest ships of World War II--nine German commerce raiders disguised as peaceful cargo ships, flying the flags of neutral and allied nations. Chao Yung (Chaoyong) class protected cruisers (1880), KSOE wins AiP for wing-sail propulsion system, Dive tank for subsea work under construction. Italy intended to outfit four refrigerated banana boats as merchant raiders during World War II (Ramb I, Ramb II, Ramb III and Ramb IV). List of Japanese auxiliary cruiser commerce raiders, Marauders of the Sea, German Armed Merchant Raiders During World War 1, Wolf, Marauders of the Sea, German Armed Merchant Raiders During World War 1, Möwe, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Merchant_raider&oldid=889881160, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2010, Articles lacking sources from February 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 March 2019, at 15:38. Ran aground on a sandbar near Bergen and was scrapped in situ in 1955. During the Secession war already, the Confederate Navy largely outclassed, used armed civilian ships as commerce raiders and blockade runners, while already the young American navy used fast bricks and armed merchant clippers to attack British vessels in 1815. The Stephen Hopkins fought one of the most gallant actions in World War II against two German raiders on September 27 about midway between Capetown and Rio de Janeiro. Shenandoah. Disguised as a cargo and flying neutral flags and markings or the silhouette of another ship through improvised contraptions. Without them the submarines would have to withdraw. Requisitioned, armed, equipped and put into service in March 1940. Picture a commerce raider, disguised as a freighter, but armed with 5.9 inch main guns and torpedo tubes, plus mines for mine-laying, ... adventure, history, ww2, maritime-history, military-navy. The Pinguin's captain, Ernst-Felix Kruder, emerges as a forgotten hero of the war, and as a humane man as … This list may not reflect recent changes . Covers: Yugoslav SS Vir. Their most active and effective period was 1939-1941: Together they sank 140 ships, a total of 700 000 tons. The Hochseeflotte also commissioned a number of fast ships as auxiliary cruisers: Steamer SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse, Prinz Eitel Friedrich, Crown Prince Wilhelm, and Kormoran, Cape Trafalgar, Berlin, Vineta and Meteor. A late addition to the Confederacy’s armada, the raider was originally built by Alexander Stephens & Sons for Robertson & Co. of Glasgow, Scotland, not as a warship, but for East Asia tea trading. She operated in the Pacific and Indian Oceans until returning to Germany in November 1941, the last of the first wave of surface raiders to leave Germany. I t was a gloomy morning that greeted the crew of the 7,181-ton Liberty ship Stephen Hopkins on September 27, 1942. After this operation was canceled, the now renamed Stier was modified into an auxiliary cruiser in April 1941, first at the Wilton shipyard Rotterdam and later a… The changes, made through civilian authorities with civilian engineers and military equipment were sometimes radical, and the vessels in question, apart from speed, had real offensive capabilities, threatening even for cruisers. Atlantic - Off the coast of Brazil on the … The most famous captain of a German merchant raider, Felix von Luckner, used the sailing ship SMS Seeadler for his voyage (1916–1917). The results they obtained in operations were generally good. Ships typologies and fleets studies. Most of these vessels were in the 8,000–10,000 long tons (8,100–10,200 t) range. They guy who posted it is a Navy Corpsman. Christened the Sea King, she made several runs to the Far East, until … Their armament was obsolete (old cannons salvaged from cruisers of the Hochseeflotte), but their crews were hand-picked and the best in the German Navy. Their task was to protect Allied commerce in the South Atlantic from German surface raiders and submarines. Almost survived the war, not being sunk until 4th May 1945 by aircraft at Swinemunde. For more than a year, the raiders waged an unremitting ‘pirate war’ that spanned half the world’s surface and ultimately cost the Allies more than 60 merchant ships. In Abrupt Reversal of Iran Strategy, Pentagon Orders Aircraft Carrier Home, Chinese Navy Faces Overseas Basing Weakness, Report Says, Maritime Leaders Will Seek Green Solutions at GreenTech Forum, Chinese Navy Faces Overseas Basing Weakness, This study will pay you to help prevent military suicides, Reestablish First Fleet: Deterrence in the Indo-Pacific, MMP missile fired with target designation provided by UAV. Only Ramb I and Ramb II served as merchant raiders and neither ship sank enemy vessels. During World War I, the British Royal Navy deployed Q-ships to combat German U-boats. Germany used several merchant raiders early in World War I (1914–1918), and again early in World War II (1939–1945). Requisitioned, armed, equipped and put into service in September 1939. Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, DOD’s Autonomous Vessel Sails Through Transit Test, Participates in Exercise Dawn Blitz, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, Castor class coastal patrol vessels of the Belgian Navy (plus PHOTO GALLERY #36), 1 screw, Blohm & Voss turbine, 4 boilers, 6200 hp = 13,5 kn, 6 x 150mm, 1 x 75mm, 4 x 37mm AA, 4 x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 288 mines, 2 planes, 2 screws, 4 diesels Kupp-Germaniawerft, 2 Siemens Schuckert motors, 16 000 hp, 18 kn, 6 x 150mm, 1 x 75mm, 4 x 37AA, 5 x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 360 mines, 1LS MBT, 2 planes, 1 screw, 2 MAN diesels 6cyl, 7600 hp = 16 kn, 6 x 150, 1 x 75, 2 x 37AA, 4 x 20AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 92 mines, 2 planes, 1 screw, Blohm & Voss turbine, 4 boilers, 6200 hp = 14 kn, 6x 150mm, 1x 75mm, 4x 37mm AA, 4x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 2 planes, 1 screw, AEG turbine, 2 boilers La Mont, 6500 hp = 18 kn, 6 x 150mm, 1 x 75mm, 1 x 37mm AA, 4 x 20mm AA, 6 TT 533 mm, 1 plane. During World War I, Imperial Germany put several commerce raiders to sea in an effort to disrupt the shipping routes on which Great Britain relied. They could also laid mines unsuspected, or repel strafing attacks by their AA artillery, all served by modern fire control systems. What generally followed was a short and bloody artillery duel at close range for which the Raider had the advantage of surprise. A score well above other military ships of the Kriegsmarine, and also superior to many U-Bootes. The Imperial German Navy had eight of them at the start of the war in 1914 – seven in the Pacific and one in the West Indies. By Jon Guttman . Upload media: Instance of: Wikimedia list article: Authority control Q1203095. Germany used several merchant raiders early in World War I (1914–1918), and again early in World War II (1939–1945). The Devonshire sank the German commerce raider Atlantis on 22 November 1941. This page is about a commerce raider. The Karlsruhe, the lone ship based in the Caribbean, headed to the mid-Atlantic. The aim of the design was to have them mimicking a large array of near-similar or approaching neutral ships, approach other ships, then reveal their true identity. KMS Widder Launched in 1930 in Kiel. Blueprint of the Pinguin, same class as the Atlantis. Sank 5 ships (41 138 GRT), participated in the destruction of 4 others. Requisitioned, armed, equipped and returned into service in November 1939; Covers: Freighter MS Goldenfels, Norwegian Knute Nelson, Soviet freighter SS Kim, Japanese Kasii Maru, Dutch Abbekerk. A. German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis; H. German auxiliary cruiser Hansa; J. Japanese raiders in the Indian Ocean; K. German auxiliary cruiser Komet ; German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran; L. List of Japanese auxiliary cruiser commerce raiders … In any case, they are lesswell known known that their successors, the WW2 German Commerce Raiders, often better armed and more successful, that is, until WW1 centennial make them rise again from memory. Pages in category "World War II commerce raiders" The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. Books, LLC. Became the gunners training ship Hector in January 1944, then cadet training ship Orion in 1945. Two banks of torpedo tubes were hidden in the sides, above the waterline, but the other two were submarine. However the results of their campaign was relatively disappointing. In World War II nine German Merchant raiders, Atlantis, Komet, Kormoran, ... Osprey books has a couple of good books on these commerce raiders. Armed passenger Liners have been used in navies since the days of the American Civil war. Its 150 mm guns came from the battleship Schliesen. Privateers freighters are already a very old idea: Since the Renaissance and seventeenth or eighteenth centuries, merchant ships were armed, but with a reduced artillery. Small torpedo crafts tailored to operate also from the ship were another way to deal with protected harbours, extend her reach or catch faster ships. In 1939, facing a lack of ships to launch an effective commerce war, the concept was reactivated with new ships converted, even more heavily armed than in teh first world war. These are stories to be told. One could still make a difference. Theodore Roosevelt Carrier Strike Group Enters South China Sea > US Indo-Pacific Command ... Elbit Systems to supply Seagull USV to Asia Pacific customer. 0 Reviews. The first of these were primarily warships. Generally adapted from passenger liners, they were larger than the German merchant raiders. Sunk by RAF in Swinemünde April 4, 1945. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. KMS Orion in 1940 (bismarck-class.dk) Launched in 1931 in Hamburg, former SS Kurmark. The U.S. Navy decided the best defense was a good offense and planned to build a small fleet of large cruisers, or CBs, to chase them down Japanese commerce raiders. They were feared by allied crews, but in general their captains behaved according to the natural unwritten solidarity rules of sailors at sea. Survived the war and became the British repair ship Ulysses. During World War II, elements of the United States Navy based in Brazil conducted operations in the Atlantic against German commerce raiders and blockade runners. Following the British victory in the South Atlantic, the only real concern on the West Coast lay in the potential danger posed by German merchantmen in neutral ports should they be fitted out as armed commerce raiders. The “Hilfskreuzer” (auxiliary cruisers, generally complemented by “HSK”- Handels Stör Kreuzer, commerce raiders) were one of the trump cards of Admiral Raeder in his strategy. Some corsairs also started to use various disguises to hide their armament, unveiled only at the last moment. Kormoran sank the Australian cruiser Sydney in one of the most well-known episodes involving merchant raiders during World War II. German Commerce Raiders 1914–18 book. Yet despite its ferocity, the Nazi’s Pacific campaign has been largely forgotten. These vessels were faster than regular merchant vessels, which was important for a warship. She could also quickly be converted in many other disguised. The Germans used a sailing ship at this stage of the war because coal-fired ships had limited access to fuel outside of territories held by the Central Powersdue to international regulations concerning refueling of combat ships … Had 2 Heinkel 114. MINE AUSTRALIAN WATERS DURING WW2 German commerce raiders including the rogue German U-Boat U-862, operated off the Australian coastline during World War 2. English: German Auxiliary cruisers, Commerce raiders or Merchant raiders were civilian ships, often passenger ships, which were fairly heavily armed during World War II to become warships for convoy escort or attacking other merchant ships. German Commerce raiders and Auxiliary Cruisers. Please note that the content of this book … Hilfskreuzer on bismarck-class.dkDocumentary duel HMAS Sydney vs Kormoran. Particular targets of the British cruisers were the supply ships which replenished German submarines and surface raiders. Following the exploits of her illustrious predecessors, the career of the German commerce raider Stier came to an embarrassing end. 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